Entrance of goods into Gaza: Kerem Shalom, connecting Gaza to Israel, is the only crossing open for the transfer of goods into and out of the Strip (apart from the tunnels) • Israel allows all goods into the Gaza Strip except for items it defines as dual-use and basic construction materials (cement and steel) • Starting in December 2012, Israel began allowing a quota of 20 truckloads of gravel to enter Gaza per day for the private sector • Egypt is also letting gravel and cement enter Gaza via Rafah Crossing for reconstruction projects funded by the Qatari government.
Export of goods from Gaza: The ban on sale of goods from Gaza to the West Bank, in effect since June 2007, remains in place • Since March 2012, 47 truckloads of goods have exited Gaza for the West Bank: 43 truckloads of date bars for a World Food Programme project and 4 truckloads of school desks and chairs ordered by the Palestinian Authority • Negligible quantities of export have been allowed out of Gaza for sale abroad, mainly agricultural produce which exits between November and May as part of a project subsidized by the Government of the Netherlands • Between January and April 2013, approximately 22 truckloads of goods exited Gaza per month, about 2% of what exited monthly prior to 2007 • Officially, export of furniture and textiles abroad is permitted, however demand for these goods outside of the West Bank and Israel is low • In 2012, export was allowed in isolated cases to several countries, with all the goods transiting via Israeli territory.
Travel between Gaza and the West Bank: The only crossings through which people are permitted to travel to and from the Gaza Strip are Erez (to Israel) and Rafah (to Egypt) • Israel allows passage through Erez only "in exceptional humanitarian cases, with an emphasis on urgent medical cases" • In practice, during 2012 about 4,000 exits of Palestinians were recorded per month at Erez, most of them businesspeople and medical patients and their companions.
Travel from Gaza to the outside world: Such travel takes place mostly through Egypt • Rafah Crossing is open every day • Between January and April 2013, an average of 38,400 crossed into and out of Gaza via Rafah per month • Through its control of the Palestinian population registry, Israel has indirect control over the issuance of Palestinian passports, which are required for travel through Rafah.
Access to the Gaza Strip's land, territorial waters and air space: Israel prevents all access to and from the Gaza Strip by sea and air • As a result of rocket fire from Gaza, on March 21, 2013 Israel again limited the fishing zone off the coast of Gaza to 3 nautical miles, after having extended it to 6 nautical miles in November 2012 • Israel prevents access in the buffer zone from a distance of 300 meters from the border fence.